Understanding the key differences between skin types and skin conditions. Take a peek
Choosing the right skincare products is vital to achieving a healthy and glowing skin. When choosing products for your skin, you need to buy products that cater specifically to your skin type as well as your skin condition. For this, you need to understand the difference between skin types and skin conditions.
There are four types of skin types – normal, dry, oily, and combination skin. If you aren’t too sure about your skin type, we got it here for you.
THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF SKIN
Normal skin is referred to as healthy, well-balanced skin. The skin is neither too oily nor too dry as the sebum and moisture level of the skin are well-balanced. Normal skin can be easily identified by its fine pores, soft and velvety texture, and blemish-free skin. It is not prone to sensitivity but can become drier with age if not properly taken care of.
Dry skin is a genetic skin type, which means you are born with it. It is a permanent condition, which can be improved by using heavy emollient moisturizers or facial oils to compensate for the lack of oil in the skin. When buying skincare products for dry skin, look for ingredients like shea butter, ceramides, and plant oils, etc.
Oily skin type produces a high level of sebum, giving rise to an increase in acne breakouts and blemishes. Different causes can trigger the overproduction of sebum like genes, hormonal imbalances, and stress factors. Oily skin is also prone to blackheads and whiteheads and is often characterized by visibly enlarged pores, shiny and thicker skin.
Combination skin is characterized by an oily skin on the T-zone (forehead, chin, and nose) and normal to dry skin on the cheeks area. The T-zone will usually have visibly enlarged pores. The T-zone is oily due to the overproduction of sebum and the dry cheeks are a result of lack of sebum and moisture.
WHAT ARE THE SKIN CONDITIONS?
Now, anyone with the above skin types can suffer from some skin conditions at one time or the other. Skin conditions could vary from aging skin to sensitive skin, acne and breakouts, pigmentation, and blemishes. Let’s look at some of the common skin conditions.
No matter what skin type you have, all the skin types will come to age at one time or the other. As we age, skin loses its volume and elasticity, giving way to fine lines and wrinkles. Though we cannot halt the aging process, we can slow down its progression by reducing the skin’s exposure to the sun and preventing free radicals that bring on aging skin.
Skin that is easily irritated is referred to as sensitive skin. They are less tolerant to harsh skin products and extreme temperatures. Skin sensitivity occurs when the natural skin barrier is damaged, resulting in loss of moisture and creating an easy pathway for the irritants to penetrate.
Pigmentation is an obvious sign of sun damage that is often difficult to treat. It is caused by overexposure to UV rays of the sun. The best way to prevent pigmentation is to use an effective daily sunscreen and re-apply it every two to three hours.
Dehydrated skin is a skin condition that anyone can have. It can also be caused by sun damage, over-exfoliation, or overuse of harsh irritating products that can damage the skin barrier. If you are experiencing dryness with breakouts, it may be a sign of dehydrated skin. Using hydrating water-based and gentle pH balancing products can restore the dehydrated skin.
EVALUATING THE DIFFERENCE
Everyone has a skin type; we are born with it. Our skin type is determined by our genes. But not everyone has a skin condition. Skin conditions can affect you at different times depending on some external and internal factors.
External factors include your diet, skincare products, pollution, and harsh climatic conditions. Internal factors include hormonal imbalances, stress, and the aging process.
All these elements can affect the level of sebum, moisture, and sweat that your skin produces, thus altering the condition of your skin.
Understanding your skin type is the first step to a proper skincare routine. Once you pick the right products for your skin type, the next step is to get the products that are targeted for your skin condition.
With the right skincare regime, your skin will be radiant and beautiful once again.